Artworks Collection in a jumble !
Blair Plain was named after John Blair, a senior officer with the Tanjong Pagar Dock Company, who owned land in the area and had a substantial house near the port.
With the passing of time and accumulation of wealth, more ornately decorated buildings were constructed along Spottiswoode Park, Everton Road and Blair Road. In the interwar years this neighborhood known as Blair Plain lent itself to residential development. Source : URA, Singapore.
Blair Plain Refined Rococo Style Shophouses - 1920’s
The Rococo Style remained in vogue until the end of the 1920’s, at which point in time it began to be overtaken by more Modern influences.
Most of the shophouses on Blair Plain date from the early 1920s. They reflect an eclectic mixture of Chinese, Malay and European design elements like the Chinese roof eaves, the Malay style shaped air vents, the European tiles. Together all these shophouses constitute some fine example of the more refined Rococo townhouse style. Source : Book of J.Davison "Singapore Shophouse".
Chinatown - Tanjong Pagar - Duxton
The street architecture of Chinatown's buildings, the shophouses especially, combines different elements of baroque architecture and Victorian architecture and do not have a single classification. Many of them were built in the style of "painted ladies"*, and have been restored in that fashion. These styles result in a variety of different colours of which pastel is most dominant. Trengganu Street, Pagoda Street and Temple Street are such examples of this architecture.
*"Painted ladies" is a term in American architecture used for Victorian and Edwardian houses and buildings painted in three or more colours that embellish or enhance their architectural details.
Source : Wikipedia and Urban Redevelpment Authority – URA - Singapore
Chinese Style Shophouse circa 1880-1900
The early Singapore shophouse were a pretty prosaic affair. They may have been some sort of simple molding to mark the transition between the ground floor and the floor above, and an equally modest cornice beneath the eaves. Windows were simple, rectangular.
However, by the last quarter of the 19th century, increasing confidence in Singapore's future prosperity, many wealthy Chinese merchants will consider making Singapore their permanent home, and will start to show off their wealth through their houses, spending much more on decorative features.
The earliest kind of shophouse embellishment involved mainly traditional Chinese decorative elements. It took the form of stucco reliefs and painted decorative panels depicting traditional themes and auspicious characters – flowers, fruits, birds, acts of filial piety, scenes from folk tales, literature and Chinese opera.
Chinese style canopy roof over the verandah were another popular feature and they were typically surmounted by a decorative frieze comprising a mosaic of colored ceramic shards cemented, known as chien mien, meaning literally "to cut and paste". Source : J.Davison "Singapore Shophouses".
Their dwellings comprised of terrace houses of a variety of architectural styles as well as independent mansions (now demolished). Many feature ornate pintu pagar (door gate), pintu besar (main door). Ground floor façades are decorated with attractive ceramic tile work. Elaborate plaster work and wood carvings combine to create an architectural style known as 'Chinese Baroque'.
In 1985, the URA announced that Emerald Hill would be a conservation area, the first in Singapore, in order to conserve some of the best examples of Strait Chinese style of dwellings. The conservation area also includes the development known as "Peranakan Place", which is a row of 6 two-storey shophouses (circa 1902) fronting Orchard Road.
The area today is an attractive and quiet residential area with several commercial units in the main shopping zone near Orchard Road.
Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority - URA - Singapore
Baroque Style Shophouses 1895-1910
The earliest kind of shophouse embellishment involved mainly traditional Chinese decorative elements.
By the turn of the 19th century these Chinese decorative features will be superseded by European Classical elements. What has come to be known as the "Chinese Baroque shophouse", represents one of the high-water marks of shophouse architecture.
European influences first begin to make an appearance in the shophouse in the form of Classical details such as Doric, Ionic and Corinthian pilaster. This basic configuration was rapidly developed, reinvented by local Singaporean architects. The end result was a very singular style of architecture. The spirit of inventiveness, the richness of embellishments and the reinterpretation of the Classical repertoire is quintessentially Baroque, so that we can refer to this style of architecture as Chinese Baroque. Source : J.Davison "Singapore Shophouses".
Joo Chiat - East Coast - Geylang
The most striking feature is the narrow yet elaborately embellished front façade, which belies the depth and spaciousness of the residence. This façade design style is unique to the Peranakan Chineses, who were heavily influenced by Malay culture. It brings out their love for splendid stucco façade decorations, fine wood carvings of upstairs balustrades, pintu pagar (door gate), air vents above the windows and fascia boarding of the roof. Fine tiles imported from France, England and Belgium were applied in great profusion to the external walls and the pillars. The various motifs applied on the façades are often derived from mythical figures. Flowers and birds abound, often acting as an accompaniment to the relief stucco decoration of Chinese motifs such as crabs, deers, dragons and mythical dogs, symbols of happiness, good fortune and long life. A highlight of this style of building would be the cluster at Koon Seng Road.
Source : Urban Redevelpment Authority – URA - Singapore
Little India - Balestier - Bugis
Serangoon Road was one of the earliest roads built in Singapore. Farms were set up along the road and they produced crops like betel nut, vegetables and sugar cane. Later, cattle trading developed into the main economic activity of the area. The development of other commercial activities in newly constructed shophouses took place as the cattle trade declined.
The two main streets in Little India, Serangoon Road and Jalan Besar are largely lined with two-storey shophouses. The architecture of the shophouses reflects the wide variety of architectural styles that were prevalent in Singapore then. Due to the rubber boom from 1900 to 1930, the newly-rich started to show off their wealth through their new buildings. It was reflected in the extent of façade ornamentation and elements of European architectural styles and features used, in addition, many of these designs also featured distinct Eastern and local influences. A good example can be found along 10 to 44 Petain Road where the row of Late style (Rococo) shophouses feature façades decorated with imported European and Japanese tiles and plaster reliefs of birds, flowers and other motifs. Source : Urban Redevelpment Authority – URA - Singapore