Chinatown - Tanjong Pagar - Blair Plain
The street architecture of Chinatown's buildings, the shophouses especially, combines different elements of baroque architecture and Victorian architecture and do not have a single classification. Many of them were built in the style of "painted ladies"*, and have been restored in that fashion. These styles result in a variety of different colours of which pastel is most dominant. Trengganu Street, Pagoda Street and Temple Street are such examples of this architecture.
*"Painted ladies" is a term in American architecture used for Victorian and Edwardian houses and buildings painted in three or more colours that embellish or enhance their architectural details.
Source : Wikipedia and Urban Redevelpment Authority – URA - Singapore
Their dwellings comprised of terrace houses of a variety of architectural styles as well as independent mansions (now demolished). Many feature ornate pintu pagar (door gate), pintu besar (main door). Ground floor façades are decorated with attractive ceramic tile work. Elaborate plaster work and wood carvings combine to create an architectural style known as 'Chinese Baroque'.
In 1985, the URA announced that Emerald Hill would be a conservation area, the first in Singapore, in order to conserve some of the best examples of Strait Chinese style of dwellings. The conservation area also includes the development known as "Peranakan Place", which is a row of 6 two-storey shophouses (circa 1902) fronting Orchard Road.
The area today is an attractive and quiet residential area with several commercial units in the main shopping zone near Orchard Road.
Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority - URA - Singapore
Joo Chiat - East Coast - Geylang
The most striking feature is the narrow yet elaborately embellished front façade, which belies the depth and spaciousness of the residence. This façade design style is unique to the Peranakan Chineses, who were heavily influenced by Malay culture. It brings out their love for splendid stucco façade decorations, fine wood carvings of upstairs balustrades, pintu pagar (door gate), air vents above the windows and fascia boarding of the roof. Fine tiles imported from France, England and Belgium were applied in great profusion to the external walls and the pillars. The various motifs applied on the façades are often derived from mythical figures. Flowers and birds abound, often acting as an accompaniment to the relief stucco decoration of Chinese motifs such as crabs, deers, dragons and mythical dogs, symbols of happiness, good fortune and long life. A highlight of this style of building would be the cluster at Koon Seng Road.
Source : Urban Redevelpment Authority – URA - Singapore
Little India - Balestier
Serangoon Road was one of the earliest roads built in Singapore. Farms were set up along the road and they produced crops like betel nut, vegetables and sugar cane. Later, cattle trading developed into the main economic activity of the area. The development of other commercial activities in newly constructed shophouses took place as the cattle trade declined.
The two main streets in Little India, Serangoon Road and Jalan Besar are largely lined with two-storey shophouses. The architecture of the shophouses reflects the wide variety of architectural styles that were prevalent in Singapore then. Due to the rubber boom from 1900 to 1930, the newly-rich started to show off their wealth through their new buildings. It was reflected in the extent of façade ornamentation and elements of European architectural styles and features used, in addition, many of these designs also featured distinct Eastern and local influences. A good example can be found along 10 to 44 Petain Road where the row of Late style (Rococo) shophouses feature façades decorated with imported European and Japanese tiles and plaster reliefs of birds, flowers and other motifs. Source : Urban Redevelpment Authority – URA - Singapore